阅读障碍的特点是难以准确和/或流利地识别单词，拼写和解码能力差– students with dyslexia will demonstrate difficulties identifying real words (word recognition) and pronouncing nonsense words (decoding); the student’s ability to read fluently is also a major characteristic as well as difficulty with spelling. 这与人们普遍认为字母的主要特征是颠倒的观点相反, 单词和数字.
划分音节音节是口语或书面语的单位，只有一个元音. The six basic types of syllables in the English language include the following; closed, open, vowel-e consonant-e, r-controlled, 元音对(或元音组), 辅音-le(或最后的稳定音节). 必须根据单词结构直接教授音节划分规则”(伯什), 2011, p. 19).